Rational Emotive Behavirol Therapy
“It is not the ‘thing’ that disturbs one; rather, the dogmatic view that one takes of the ‘thing’.”
Epictetus (50 -120 AD)
Since 1955 that “Weltanschauung” has been the guiding philosophy and scientific paradigm behind Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). REBT is a short-term therapy, which uses various techniques to help clients learn to manage their emotional and psychological problems.
REBT is the first cognitive behavior therapy and can be understood as a combination of psychoanalysis and behavior therapy. It is also the first so-called eclectic psychotherapy. REBT-Therapists are, therefore, not bound to only one method or technique. Treatment aims to help people feel better and, more importantly, to stay better. Thus, clients learn, through active participation in therapy, how they can help themselves. Permanently.
The general basis of REBT-thinking is that human beings are capable of controlling and adapting their emotional responses to life’s conditions. In other words, people can learn to live hassle-free, despite hassles.
REB-Therapy is capable of treating a variety of psychological illnesses. It has been extensively researched and is the best evidence-based psychotherapy. Although REBT is 50 years old, it continues to develop and integrate new information and techniques. Because of this, REBT is always up-to-date. The motto: “short term therapy, long term effects,” is no boast.
Dr. Albert Ellis, or Al as most called him, is considered by experts to be the second most influential psychotherapist in History - followed by Sigmund Freud.
It is a rather amusing honor considering Ellis stumbled into psychotherapy. Al began his training in psychology after having realized that he had a knack for helping others. He trained as a psychoanalyst. However, after a few years of practice, he became frustrated with the tedious, lethargic and, in his mind, inefficient approach. Based on a number of influences - including chance, Ellis created the first so called cognitive behavioral therapy.
REBT was a revolution and 'I was hated by practically all psychologists and psychiatrists,'' he said. ''They thought it was superficial and stupid. They resented that I said therapy doesn't have to take years.'' Now REBT is the basis for almost all therapies, whether they know it or not.
Ellis was a character. He has even been referred to as the Lenny Bruce of psychotherapy a few times. Despite his eccentrics, Dr. Ellis was devoted to helping others. To his end, he often worked 14 hour days - even from his hospital bed. He wrote and co-wrote more than 70 books, authored around 1000 empirical-journal articles and has taped hundreds of hours of self-help audio and video tapes. Even after his death, his legacy continues to support patients and REBT-practitioners alike.
After years of battling severely-poor health, Al, the tough-minded therapist in a tender-minded profession, died on July 24th 2007 at the age of 93.